How to read a blood test lab report

how to read a blood test lab report

How to Read Blood Test Results

May 26, You need to know about blood cells to learn how to read blood test results. White Blood Cell (WBC) Normal range: 4,,cmm. Your CBC test will show the white blood cell count that will help evaluate the performance of your immune system. Also called leukocytes, white blood cells increase in number when there is an infection in your body. Jan 21, Complete blood count (CBC) In many blood test results, the first list under the Test Name column shows the results of the CBC, or complete blood count. The CBC measures the essential components.

Begin typing your search above and press return bloid search. Press Esc to cancel. A wellness panel takes a look at your overall health how to read a blood test lab report helps you evaluate your organs and systems like the thyroid, liver, kidneys and immunity. But you are probably asking yourself, what do my blood test results mean?

Below is a handy guide to decoding a sampling of your blood test results. So, if you find yourself with a number over 21, check with your doctor about the possibility of the first set of diseases. Understanding your blood test results when it comes to protein. The normal TSH range is 0. If your levels are too high or too low means the difference in being reda and hyperthyroid. Treatments vary for both despite each being a thyroid disease.

A normal CBC consists of white, red, platelet, hematocrit and hemoglobin counts. The CBC is an extremely useful how to read a blood test lab report that provides your doctor a lot of information regarding your health. Most people suffer from a lack of Vitamin D, which is a shame because you can get it from simply going outside more. Order a vitamin, mineral, or nutrition test. Get your Wellness How to read a blood test lab report today!

If you seek additional information regarding test results, you may choose to tsst Lab Tests Onlinea public resource for clinical lab testing and an excellent resource. Walk-In Lab testing is intended for information and education, and not diagnostic purposes. Blood you order an online blood testyou should follow tesg with your physician to review your laboratory results, especially those which are flagged in the out-of-normal reference range.

Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. The urea nitrogen BUN test is used to evaluate kidney function. The test measures levels of urea or nitrogen in your urine. Higher BUN levels can indicate dehydration, kidney failure or disease, high protein levels, heart failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, or obstruction in the urinary tract.

Lower BUN levels can indicate liver failure, malnutrition or severe lack of protein in your diet. The total protein test measures how much of the proteins albumin and globulin are trst your body. Understanding your blood test results when it comes to protein The normal range for total protein is between 6 and 8.

It can also be an indicator of bone marrow disorders. Low protein could indicate bleeding, liver disorder, kidney disorder, malnutrition, or how to make mural nameplates conditions.

The sodium serum test measures the amount of sodium in your blood. High sodium could mean that you are dehydrated, not drinking enough what is the ayurvedic medicine for high blood pressure and eating too much sodium in your diet. Low sodium could be a tesf of under active adrenal glands, kidney failure, heart failure or thyroid gland.

Low sodium can also be caused by sweating, burns, diarrhea or poor nutrition. This is really easy to overdo! Cholesterol total test measures the amount of the waxy, fat-like Cholesterol in your blood.

Make sure you get enough of the good kind HDL. The calcium test measures the amount of calcium in your body that is not stored in your bones. The normal range for calcium levels is 8. Low calcium might occur from a low level of the blood protein albumin, hypoparathyroidismhigh levels of phosphate in the blood, rickets, and malnutrition from celiac disease, pancreatitis, and alcoholism.

A Urinalysis complete test detects abnormalities in the urine. Problems with your lungs, urinary tract, skin, kidneys and bladder can all be detected by testing your urine. High protein, presence of crystals, infectious bacteria or yeast, epithelial cells, sugar, blood, pH levels or acidity and abnormalities in how to get an amazing profile picture or white blood cells, are all indications of disease that can be detected through urinalysis.

Normal urine basically is the absence of the abovethere how to know when to replace brake rotors be no protein, yeast, bacteria, ketones or glucose and very few red or white blood cells and crystals. The normal pH for your urine is 6.

The thyroid panel indicates the health of your thyroid gland. It tests the level of TSH in your blood and tells you whether your thyroid is overactive or under active. A high TSH level, above 2. A low TSH level indicates an overactive thyroid gland that produces too much thyroid hormone. You might experience weight loss, high levels of anxiety or tremors. The complete blood countor CBC testlooks at the red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

And the blood test results Normal for red blood cell count: rfport. If the same red blood count is high, you could have heart disease. Causes of high red blood count are smoking, kidney disease, heart disease, alcoholism and liver disease. A high white blood cell count can indicate inflammation, reax or immune disorder.

A low white blood cell count can be caused by autoimmune disorders, cancer, or bone marrow problems. The vitamin D ohw test measures how much vitamin D is in your body. High vitamin D may be due to too much vitamin D and a condition called hypervitaminosis D which can lead to symptoms of kidney damage.

Low vitamin D can happen with liver and kidney disease, lack of vitamin D in the diet, lack of exposure to sunlight, poor food absorption and use of certain medicines. Order a vitamin, mineral, or nutrition test The folate or learn how to paint acrylic acid test measures the amount of folic acid in the body ; one of many forms how to erase songs on an ipod vitamin B.

The normal range for folic acid in the blood is is between 2. A lower level of folic acid might indicate anemia, malabsorption or problems absorbing vitamins and minerals or just a folic acid deficiency.

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Mar 24, Red blood cell count tells how many red blood cells (RBCs) you have. Normal values: Male: to million cells/cubic mm Female: to million cells/cubic mm. Some labs and offices also offer online patient portals where you can view your results without having to call in. Select the name of the test, as indicated on your report, and enter it into the analyzer, along with your listed numerical value, to receive an analysis.

Navigating through these terms can lead you down a Google rabbit hole. What the heck is bilirubin? Apart from the puzzling jargon, the design of bloodwork lab reports is dismal. Certain organs in your body, such as your liver, kidneys, spleen, and lungs, act as processing stations.

Normal values on a lab report indicate healthy organ function and fully operational systems. Allen GM, et al. Complete blood count for screening? But those ranges can be influenced by a variety of factors for each person, including age, sex, weight, medical history, medicines, and lifestyle.

These tests return a number of specific results. Here are basic descriptions of the three major tests and the results that are most commonly listed under each.

The CBC measures the essential components of blood : red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The CBC also measures the oxygen-carrying protein, hemoglobin, and checks the ratio of red blood cells to fluid plasma.

Blood test results help your doctor identify infections and allergies or diagnose potential diseases and conditions such as anemia and leukemia. Often the first CBC test shown is the white blood cell count. Your body produces more WBCs when you have an infection or allergic reaction. There are five major types of WBCs covered below , but many blood test result reports list each of these at the bottom of the CBC results.

WBC count might also offer clues about your heart health. A study found that a high WBC count was a predictor of heart disease, and particularly stroke, especially among smokers.

Lassale C, et al. DOI: Red blood cells often appear next on the report. RBCs deliver oxygen to tissues throughout your body. High RBC counts can be the result of dehydration , kidney problems, or a heart condition. Low RBC counts can indicate anemia, nutritional deficiencies, bone marrow damage, or kidney problems. A high RBC could also signal fatty liver disease, a condition in which fat builds up in and damages your liver. It could be a warning to people with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and high cholesterol, since those conditions have been linked to fatty liver disease.

Wang H, et al. Red blood cell count has an independent contribution to the prediction of ultrasonography-diagnosed fatty liver disease. These test results often appear under the RBC section because they further examine the health and function of your red blood cells.

Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. Its measurement can help your doctor tell if your organs and tissues are getting enough oxygen. Hematocrit results show the volume of blood taken up by red blood cells. Low hematocrit can be a sign of anemia, blood loss, or a vitamin deficiency. A spike could be from dehydration or liver or heart disease.

Blood cells are often referred to as corpuscles. The mean corpuscular value measures the average size of red blood cells. A vitamin B deficiency or anemia could lead to abnormal-size RBCs. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin measures the average amount of hemoglobin in RBCs. These two tests usually appear next. Platelets are fragments of blood cells. They help wounds heal and prevent excessive bleeding by forming clots. A low platelet count below , platelets per microliter mcL can indicate risk for excessive bleeding, while a high count , or above may indicate a risk for blood clots.

The mean platelet value test measures the average amount of platelets. It can help diagnose bleeding and bone marrow disorders and offer clues to inflammatory diseases, including cardiovascular disease, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Korniluk A, et al. Mean platelet volume MPV : New perspectives for an old marker in the course and prognosis of inflammatory conditions.

Oddly, the results for the five types of white blood cells basophils, eosinophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes often appear below the list of red blood cell results. Measuring the amounts and health of these cells is helpful in identifying infections and allergies. For example, neutrophils are like the EMTs of your blood. Basophils, another type of immune cell, have small particles with enzymes that are released during allergic reactions and asthma.

The CMP provides information about electrolytes , minerals in your blood that affect the amount of water in your body, the acidity of your blood, and your muscle function. Common electrolytes the CMP tests for include calcium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, and sodium. Bilirubin forms when your body breaks down hemoglobin. Albumin, the main protein in blood plasma, is the clear, yellowish fluid part of the blood that carries blood cells. Low levels of albumin can indicate malnutrition, inflammation, and liver and kidney diseases.

Creatinine is a chemical waste product of creatine, which supplies energy to muscles. Since it can help you crush your weightlifting goals, creatine is a popular supplement. But because your kidneys remove creatinine, elevated levels could signal poor kidney function. Abnormal glucose levels can be a sign of diabetes. Your body breaks down lipids and uses them for energy.

The lipid panel is a collection of tests that measures two types of fat in your blood: triglycerides and cholesterol. Triglycerides are one of the major forms of fat produced in your liver. But triglyceride levels can also be high because of thyroid or liver disease or genetic conditions. High levels of LDL cholesterol are linked to an increased risk of heart and blood vessel disease, including coronary artery disease. Maintaining a healthy number of triglycerides and the right balance of good and bad cholesterol is essential for a heart-healthy lifestyle.

High triglyceride levels are also linked to a higher risk of heart and blood vessel disease. Bertsch RA, et al. Study of the use of lipid panels as a marker of insulin resistance to determine cardiovascular risk.

Often your blood work results are sent to you in the mail. Sure, you can accept this at face value. But being an informed patient is an important part of developing a strong doctor-patient relationship.

With your newly acquired understanding of the terms and objectives of your blood test, you can become a more active participant in your healthcare and a better custodian of your body. But how do I let it go? Medically reviewed by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph.

Why blood work results matter. How to read blood test results. Complete blood count CBC. Comprehensive metabolic panel CMP. Lipid panel. Bottom line. Read this next.

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